It must contain a thorough review of relevant literature, perhaps in a separate chapter. The account of the scholarly work should be presented in a manner suitable for the field. It should be complete, systematic, and sufficiently detailed to enable a reader to understand how the data were gathered and analyzed, and how to apply similar methods in another study. Notation and formatting must be consistent throughout the thesis, including units of measure, abbreviations, and the numbering scheme for tables, figures, footnotes, and citations.
One or more chapters may consist of material published or submitted for publication elsewhere, or other artifacts e. A strong conclusion includes the following:. A submission's success in addressing the expectations above is appropriately judged by experts in the relevant discipline. Students should rely on their research supervisors and committee members for guidance. Appendices must be limited to supporting material genuinely subsidiary to the main argument of the work.
They must only include material that is referred to in the document. Material supplemental to the thesis but not appropriate to include in the appendices e. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation. Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies Graduate School.
Structure of Theses and Dissertations. Elements in a thesis must appear in the following order: 1. Title page required 2.
Committee Page Required Effective May 1 , all theses and dissertations must include a page that lists the supervisory committee, and if applicable, the examining committee. The committee page: is the second page of the thesis and is numbered ii lists all examining committee members and supervisory committee members does not include signatures is not listed in the table of contents See Resources for Thesis Preparation and Checking for examples and templates.
TIER 2 ARTICLE TYPES
Abstract required - maximum words The abstract is a concise and accurate summary of the scholarly work described in the document. Lay Summary required - maximum words Effective May , all theses and dissertations must include a lay summary.
Preface required Sample Prefaces The Preface must include a statement indicating the student's contribution to the following: Identification and design of the research program, Performance of the various parts of the research, and Analysis of the research data. Certain additional elements may also be required, as specified below. If any of the work presented in the thesis has led to any publications or submissions, all of these must be listed in the Preface.
Bibliographic details should include the title of the article and the name of the publisher ONLY if the article has been accepted or published , and the chapter s of the thesis in which the associated work is located. If the work includes publications or material submitted for publication, the statement described above must detail the relative contributions of all collaborators and co-authors including supervisors and members of the supervisory committee and state the proportion of research and writing conducted by the student.
If the work includes other scholarly artifacts such as film and other audio, visual, and graphic representations, and application-oriented documents such as policy briefs, curricula, business plans, computer and web tools, pages, and applications, etc. If ethics approval was required for the research, the Preface must list the Certificate Number s of the Ethics Certificate s applicable to the project.
Table of contents required 7. List of tables required if document has tables 8.
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List of figures required if document has figures 9. These would be submitted as either a Regular Article or an Opinion, and provision would be made to acknowledge the title and location of the Symposium in published articles. Authors may also post the submitted version of their manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time.
If the article is accepted for publication in JFB , authors will be requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article. Full instructions and support are available on this site. During submission, the manuscript text with pagination, line numbering and a legible 12 pt font size is uploaded as a text file not as a. Separate files for any Tables text files and Figures image files are uploaded to the website independently.
If you experience difficulty with your submission, please contact the Editorial Office at: JFBoffice wiley. Authors whose first language is not English are encouraged to have their manuscript carefully checked before submission by an expert in English or a native English speaker.
Wiley Editing Services wileyeditingservices. Accepted papers will be converted to UK English the standard is the Concise Oxford English Dictionary during the production process, with the exception of exact quotations contained within quotation marks. Latin words, e. All text is double spaced and lines are numbered. Title of the paper , which should be short, informative and avoid any geographical or regional references, unless they are fundamental to the scientific thrust of the paper.
If a species name is used in the title, we require a common name if available followed by the full scientific name. Avoid the use of abbreviations unless they include the name of a group that is best known by its acronym e. The family or formal name by which each author is known plus the given or familiar names and any initials see Section 6 for criteria on author eligibility ; 3. The Abstract must be a concise and accurate summary of the significant findings of the paper without any introductory or contextual information.
Abstracts should not be structured with headings.
Brackets | Academic Writing in English, Lund University
Methods can be identified only as part of a result e. A species name in the Abstract appears as in the title, a common name if available followed by the full scientific name. Provide a list of up to 6 descriptive Key Words maximum characters in alphabetical order. Specific geographical e. Keywords are listed underneath the abstract and separated by commas. The Introduction alerts readers to literature relevant to the research discovery so that the originality of the research cannot be easily assigned. Also, the Introduction must state the intent of the research in the form of a research question or hypothesis so that no confusion arises as to what advance in fish biology is being sought.
Footnotes to the text are not allowed.
Three or more authors are cited with the name of the first author followed by et al. Authors sharing the same surname and year of publication are distinguished by their initials: e. The Materials and Methods may contain up to two levels of sub-headings and must provide sufficient detail so that the work can be replicated by others.
Established methods can be simply referenced, preferably acknowledging the original work rather than a recent user of that method , even if minor methodological changes were made which should be described. Materials and Methods must also include information on how observations were analysed to derive the quantitative results. Statistics should be based on independent biological samples. Technical replicates should be averaged before statistical treatment and not used to calculate deviation parameters.
In the case of multiple comparisons e.
Citations to tables, figures, and equations are capitalized and not contracted e. Parts of figure should be in lowercase a , b , etc. For example: Figure 1; Figure 2a; Figure 1a—c; Figures 2a—d and 5. The Results section presents a concise and accurate description of the results of the research. It may contain up to two levels of sub-headings.
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Figures and Tables, which are numbered consecutively in order of their mention in the text, increase the clarity and conciseness of the result presentation; excessive duplication of material in text, figures and tables is not permitted. All statements concerning quantitative differences between experimental conditions require quantitative data and adequate statistical treatment. The deviation parameter, the number of biological samples and the statistical procedures should be provided for each dataset either in the main text or as part of a Figure or Table.